What Is Cannabis Oil

Cannabis oil is a substance made up of cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD that is extracted from the cannabis plant. It is a naturally growing herb that has been used for many years to treat health conditions. It is a cannabis based product obtained by seperating the resins from cannabis flowers using an extraction process.  

Compounds within cannabis oil

Cannabis is the most potent of three main products which are the actual cannabis flower (marijuana), resin (hashish) and oil (cannabis oil).  Cannabis oil is the most concentrated form  of the three products therefore the most potent of all three products.  Cannabis oil sold by “dealers” can have many contaminants and most times have minimal amounts of THC or CBD in them at all.  These products should be avoid using for medical conditions as it is better to make your own or obtain from someone you trust.  High quality cannabis oil  can be used in many medical conditions. Can be ingested, vaporized into lungs, used as suppository or applied topically.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
THC  with the addition of alcohol is made by extracting the resin of the female marijuana plant.  The marijuana plant is high in THC strain.   THC is the compound that is responsible for producing a “high” feeling as well as other medical effects.   THC is well-known for the mind-altering “high” it produces when broken down by heat and introduced to the body, such as when smoking the plant or cooking it into foods.

Cannibidiol (CBD)
CBD interacts with the body through the endogenous cannabinoid system.  The endocannabinoid system regulates the body’s general state of balance, impacting such functions as mood, sleep, appetite, hormone regulation and pain and immune response.  CBD is highly effective as a treatment for a wide range of conditions, from arthritis and diabetes to cancer and depression.

Cannabinol (CBN)

Its name may bear striking resemblance to CBD however CBN offers a unique profile of effects an benefits that have researchers clamoring for more scientific investigation.  CBN studies include pain relief, anti-insomnia, promotes growth of bone cells, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, appetite stimulant.  Its most pronounced characterizing attribute is its sedative effect.   For those of you  who rely on cannabis to resolve a night of tossing and turning, CBN will do you some good. CBN induces little to no pshychoactive effects. 

Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA)
THCA is the most common cannabinoid found in fresh marijuana flowers –  it is the acid from THC.   It is also similar in chemical structure to its non-acid counterpart THC.   THCA contains a carboxylic acid group that is absent in THC in other words THC is commonly associated with the high that marijuana users experience while THCA has no such an effect. The reason being that THCA does not act on the CB receptors in the brain.  THCA is the predominant cannabinoid in marijuana during its growing stages.  THC would not exist if it werent for THCA.  THCA acts as the backbone for THC production and isconverted to THC when exposed to high temperatures through a process known as decarboxylation.

Understanding the differences: THC vs. CBD

Two types of cannabinoids found naturally in the resin of the marijuana plant Cannabis Sativa, are THC and CBD.  Both of these substances interact with the cannbinoid receptors found  human body however types of effects brought about by these compounds are different as CBD is more often used as a medical treatment than THC. CBD lacks the harmfulcognitive effects of THC in fact it counteracts the pshychoactive effects of THC.


Use  oils with high cannabinoid levels and plant waxes. The healing power of oils, are what has finally given cannabis  plant the medical recognition it deserves.Amount of oil produced per ounce of cannabis will vary from strain to strain, but all has the same healing power.

Process is controlled from soil to soil.  Desired ingredients comes from flower only, not seeds or stalks.

Use of Pesticides –  determine whether its been used during growing process as some patients may be more susceptible to their toxic effect. The color of the oils should be honey-colored, not black goo or green.  



Grade of cannabis used:
It should be medical grade and ideally organic cannabis, not cheap marijuana.

Flowers only:
The desired ingredients come from the flowers (top quality buds) only, not plant matter, trim, seeds or stalks.

Use of pesticides:
Pay special attention to the use of pesticides and whether they have been used during the growing process as certain patients may be more susceptible to their toxic effects.

The oil should be honey-coloured, not black goo, or green. Because CBD has a red tinge, this is the best indicator of the quality of the oils you are planning on taking.

Extraction methods:
It’s important to know that all solvents used in the process have been properly purged. Take note of these types of extraction methods:

  • Solvent-based methods, Rick Simpson Oil (RSO), invoRick Simpson cannabis oil extractionlves soaking cannabis in a solvent and then boiling off the solvent to yield a sticky black cannabis resin. Research on these concentrates has shown that much of the plant’s terpenes content is lost in the heating process, and that often toxic solvents remain as unwanted residue in the final product. These products are also typically sold in syringes – steer clear of those.
  • Butane Hash Oil (BHO) is a popular dangerous DIY extraction metbutane hash oilhod amongst avid smokers, wanting to vape the oils, that don’t have access to Liquid gas-based extraction or CO2 Oil. With butane extraction, you are left with a sticky wax (or if it hardens, a crumbly ‘honeycomb’ or glasslike shatter) also commonly referred to as dab.  DIY BHO oils found in SA are made using fairly inexpensive devices and butane lighter fuel. These oils are not properly purged resulting in an end product full of contaminants.
  • Liquid gas-based extraction is another solvent-based method. Done by professioLiquid gas-based extractionnals, this method is safer than solvent-based extraction as it does not leave contaminants in the end products. A ‘clean’ result is invaluable to discerning doctors and their patients, whose health may depend on the cleanliness of their medicine. One needs very expensive, state-of-the-art laboratory equipment to achieve this result – not commonly found in South Africa.
  • CO2 (supercritical) oil Method: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a supercritical fluid, which means that CO2 (supercritical) oilwhen you pressurise it, it converts to a liquid form. This very sophisticated method of extraction is one of the most effective ways of reducing cannabis to its essential compounds and getting a very pure oil that can be smoked, vaporised or taken orally. CO2 is a preferred extraction method because, unlike petroleum-derived solvents like butane, it is a greener method of extraction. Used for: A variety of medicinal uses, as extraction experts can refine the levels of THC in the oil.

The ailments cannabis oil can treat

Medical cannabis oil treatmentCannabis oil has become increasingly popular as a complimentary medicine, whether as pain relief, for its regenerating effects and much more. Every day we are impressed with how it improves the lives of those living with arthritis, cancer and fibromyalgia. See a full list of medical conditions that may benefit from cannabis treatment.

Does cannabis oil cure cancer ?

Because cancer can rear its ugly head in many shapes and forms, it’s not an easy question to answer. Cannabis has shown the potential to fight certain cancers and tumors but it all depends on the type of cancer, the stage and whether it has affected the liver at all. It can certainly help combat the effects of chemotherapy and has in many instances resulted in reduced or even diminished tumors.

Coupled with the right diet, lifestyle changes and exercise, we have seen impressive results. Steve Jobs, a sufferer of pancreatic cancer, managed to prolong his life by 20 years through alternative therapies, a healthy diet and regular detoxing. It was not cancer that claimed his life but liver failure following a transplant operation.

Should you opt for cannabis oil as a cancer treatment, you should choose suppositories of up to 1 gram (1000mg) a day. Read more about the correct cancer treatment protocol.

Don’t be fooled this is my no means a cheap alternative to western medicine.  Clean medical grade cannabis oil is not easy to come by and one can expect to pay R600 – R1000 a gram (1000mg). With the high dosages necessary to treat cancer effectively this means one can expect to pay R15000 – R23000 a month.

Beware of snake oil salesmen

It requires a degree of faith or desperation to turn to cannabis as an alternative to conventional pharmaceuticals. Your supplier is only as good as his or her word! Please be wary of con-artist! Get informed, do your homework and ask the right questions before handing over your hard earned cash.

Where can I buy cannabis oil in South Africa ?

To get your hands on the best quality cannabis oil in South Africa, take your time to do your research, speak to friends and family, and ask the right questions – for example, about extraction methods, cannabinoid ingredients and so on. If you need any advice, get in touch with us and we will point in the right direction depending on your medical requirements.