Cannabis strains

These strains are divided into three species i.e. Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Ruderalis, then there are also hybrids which is a result of careful crossbreeding.

 

Varieties are developed to intensify specific characteristics of the plant, or to differentiate the purpose of marketing or to make it more effective.  Variety names are chosen by their growers and reflects to properties of the plant such as taste, color, smell or origin.  These varieties contain a high percentage of cannabinoids.  Cannabis is mostly used recreationally or as a medicinal drug and may also be used for religious or spiritual purposes.

The two species of the Cannabis genus that are most commonly grown are the Cannabis Indica and the Cannabis Sativa.  A third specie Cannabis Ruderalis is very short and produces only trace amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and thus is not commonly grown for industrial , recreational or medical use, however because Cannabis ruderalis flowers independently of the photoperiod and according to age, it has been used to breed autoflowering strains.

                               

Cannabis Indica              Cannabis Ruderalis                        Cannabis Sativa                 Relative Size of    

 

Cannabis Types

Sativa

In general the effect of sativa is often described as a strong uplifting, energizing, stimulating, promotes sense of well being, relieves headaches and migraines, reduces nausea, stimulates appetite and relieves depression

 

Indica

The effect of  Indica is described as relaxing and laid back, relieves pain and aches, reduces anxiety & stress, aids sleep, reduces inflammation, helps relieve spasms and seizures, stimulates the appetite

 

Difference Between Indica and Sativa

The differences between Indica and Sativa include height and stature, internodal length,leaf size and structure, buds size and density, flowering time, odour, smoke and effects.  Indica plants tend to grow shorter and bushier than sativa plants.  Indica strains tend to have wide, short leaves with short wide blades, whereas sativa strains have long leaves with thin long blades.  The buds of indica strains tend to be wide, dense and bulky, while sativa strains are likely to be long sausage shaped flower.

Understanding cannabinoids

Cannabis contains many compounds that are unique to the plant, collectively these are referred to as cannabinoids. A cursory understanding of the predominant cannabinoids may assist in choosing the correct cannabis to treat your medical condition.

It is important to understand that various cannabinoids interact with each other, tempering or amplifying the psychoactive effects.  For this reason, one cannot always predict the effects of prospective strain simply from reviewing lab results.

While in no way a complete list, the following cannabinoids are known to have medicinal benefits. In total there are over 85 known cannabinoids in marijuana, and there is still much research that needs to be done.  As research continues, it is expected to find that many other cannabinoids have medical applications,  however at this time we work with data that is available:-

Delta 9  –  Tetrahydrocannabinol-Acid (THCA)

That is the most common form of THC found in raw marijuana sample

 

THCA

                                         

 

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

The primary cannabinoid in most modern strains, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is responsible for  most of the   psychotropic effects associated with marijuana.        

 

THC

                        Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-C5

 

Cannabidiol (CBD)

This is a non psychoactive cannabinoid that has shown great potential in a wide array of medicinal settings.  CBD has been specifically bred out of may modern marijuana strains, as recreational users tend to prefer strains high in the psychoactive THC. Research has indicated that CBD can also reduce the psychoactive effects of THC.

 

CBD

                         (−)-Cannabidiol CBD-C5                                               

                                                            

 

                                                      

        Cannabidiol-Acid (CBDA)

Fresh marijuana samples contain the bulk of their CBD in the form of its acid CBDA. Like THCA, CBDA requires the application of heat or a chemical catalyst to convert into CBD.  Being non psychotropic, CBDA is a powerful anti-inflammatory without the side effect of intoxication.

 

CBDA-C5

 

                                       CBDA-C5

                                                      

                               

 

Cannabinol (CBN)

The product of decaying THC, the cannabinoid CBN is uncommon in fresh marijuana.

Upon consumption, CBN interacts with the remaining THC and amplifies its psychotropic effects. The effects of CBN are commonly described as sedative and can be helpful for those treating some sleeping disorders.

CBN-C5

                                                CBN-C5

 

                                                              

The Right Cannabinoids for You

TRENDS in Pharmacological Sciences published an incredible amount of data on the treatment of ailments and diseases using specific cannabinoids. The table below offers a summary of these findings.

THCA

THC

CBN

CBDA

CBD

                Pain relief

x

x

x

                Reduces inflammation

x

x

x

                Suppresses appetite

                Stimulates appetite

x

x

                Reduces vomiting & nausea

x

x

                Reduces contractions in small intestine

x

               Relieves anxiety

x

              Tranquilizing, used to manage psychosis

x

                Reduce seizures and convulsions

x

x

                Suppresses muscle spasms

x

x

x

                Aides sleep

x

               Reduces efficacy of the immune system

x

               Reduces blood sugar levels

x

               Reduces nervous system degeneration

x

               Treats psoriasis

x

                Reduces risk of artery blockage

x

                Kills or slows bacterial growth

x

               Treats fungal infection

               Inhibits cell growth in tumors/cancer cells

x

x

x

               Promotes bone growth

x

you eat is relative to the state of your body’s health.